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Time: 6:30 pm - 8:45 pm

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MONTHLY HAS MEETING September 16th, 2021.

"The Lone Oak Site 41CD168: A 13,000 Year Occupation in Northern Colorado County, Texas"

Wilson W. "Dub" Crook

Catherine Jalbert

The Annual General Meeting of the Houston Archeological Society will be held on Thursday, September 16th. This meeting will feature an important presentation by Wilson W. “Dub” Crook on the Lone Oak prehistoric site in Colorado County, one of the most important prehistoric sites that HAS has ever investigated. Due to an abundance of concern over the recent surge in Covid, this meeting will be held virtually only via both Zoom and Youtube. The business meeting will open at 7:00 p.m. (HAS members are invited to tune in 30 minutes early – at 6:30 - to socialize.) HAS members will receive the Zoom link shortly. The Youtube Livestream presentation will begin at approximately 7:15p.m. and the link to the program is

For the past three years, members of the Houston Archeological Society have excavated the Lone Oak site (41CD168) in northern Colorado County. To date, over 350 diagnostic artifacts have been recovered indicating the site was occupied from 13,000 years B.P. (Dalton) through the end of the Late Prehistoric (Toyah) period (400 B.P.). While this represents one of the longest continuous occupations in Colorado County, there is no evidence that the site was ever occupied on a permanent basis. Rather, Lone Oak appears to have been a well-known seasonal camp used by foraging hunter-gatherer peoples. The reason for the repeated occupation over time is the combination of fresh water, high-quality chert toolstone, hard wood, and food resources in the immediate vicinity of the site. The most significant period of habitation occurred during the Late Archaic and the latter part of the Late Prehistoric (Toyah).

Dub Crook will discuss not only the artifacts recovered from the site, but the occupational features discovered including a small Dalton period cluster, a Late Archaic occupation focused on hunting, butchering, and hide processing of whitetail deer, a Toyah occupation focused on hunting bison, a Late Archaic lithics workshop area, and most recently, a small Clovis era occupation. Dub has also authored a report on the Site entitled “The Lone Oak Site 41CD168: A 12,000 year Occupation in Northern Colorado County, Texas” which is available free to HAS members or for purchase on Amazon.

Wilson W. "Dub" Crook, is a long-time member of the Dallas, Houston, and Texas Archeological Societies. Mr. Crook has published over 251 professional papers, 183 of them in the field of archeology. While his archeological research has focused primarily on the Upper Trinity River watershed, he has also worked on sites elsewhere in Texas, New Mexico, Nevada, California and Virginia, East Africa and Russia. Mr. Crook received his Bachelor of Science degree in Geology (Mineralogy) from Southern Methodist University and conducted his graduate studies in mineralogy and rare-earth crystal chemistry at the University of Michigan. Most recently Dub has analyzed every single flake, core, point, tool, and fire cracked rock from the Lone Oak site in Columbus Texas.

If you have any questions about this program, please contact HAS President, Linda Gorski, at


HAS Journal No. 143 is now available. The Journal Number 143, is an issue dedicated exclusively to archeology in the Western United States. This issue highlights the widespread interests of members of the Houston Archeological Society which cover not just the Gulf Coast and Texas, but many areas outside the state including the Western U.S. The papers included in this issue cover sites and archeological materials in West Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Nevada, and California. These papers include research on material that ranges from potentially before Clovis, to the Paleoindian, Archaic, Late Prehistoric, and Historic periods. Complimentary copies may be obtained by HAS members at the monthly meetings. Non-HAS members may purchase copies through Go to the HAS Journals Section for a link to the publication on the website. Alternatively, copies may be purchased at the HAS Monthly Meetings.

HAS Report No. 36: The Lone Oak Site (41CD168): A 12,000 Year Old Occupation in Northern Colorado County, Texas NOW AVAILABLE

Report #36. The Lone Oak site is located in northern Colorado County approximately 0.6 km east of the Fayette County line. The site is 7.5 kilometers (4.65 miles) northwest of the community of Frelsburg, Texas, and 25 kilometers north of Columbus, the county seat of Colorado County. The site was named by the land owner after a small historic community of the same name near the property. Both the name and the site’s location have been registered with the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory in Austin and a trinomial number was assigned to the Lone Oak site (41CD168). This publication is available free to members of the Society. Members should make sure that they collect their copy of this report at the next monthly meeting. If you wish to purchase additional copies then you can find them on You can find the appropriate links in our List section.

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